Five Civilized Tribes:

The Five Civilized Tribes was a loose confederation, formed in 1859, of North American Indians in what was then Indian Territory (in present-day Oklahoma). The group comprised the Iroquoian-speaking Cherokee and the Muskogean-speaking Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole. They were described as "civilized" because of their early adoption of many of the white man's ways.


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